Pregnancy and early life are characterized by marked changes in body microbial composition. Intriguingly, these changes take place simultaneously with neurodevelopmental plasticity, suggesting a complex dialogue between the microbes that inhabit the gastrointestinal tract and the brain.

The purpose of this chapter is to describe the natural trajectory of microbiota during pregnancy and early life, as well as review the literature available on its interaction with neurodevelopment. Several lines of evidence show that the gut microbiota interacts with diet, drugs and stress both prenatally and postnatally. Clinical and preclinical studies are illuminating how these disruptions result in different developmental outcomes. Understanding the role of the microbiota in neurodevelopment may lead to novel approaches to the study of the pathophysiology and treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders.

Who Should Enrol

Registered dietitians, nutritionists, medical doctors, nurses and pharmacists

Course Design

Online course

Course Highlights

It will deliver value appreciated by registered dietitians, nutritionists, medical doctors, nurses and pharmacists.

Ignite thoughts and debate and draw their attention to what might be important.

Learning Outcomes

Apply knowledge of the topic in applicable areas of dietetic practice

Be trusted nutrition advisors amongst their peers.


15 MCQ’s


Health Professions Council for South Africa (HPCSA)


2 Clinical on 70% pass rate of MCQ


Pass the assessment with 70%


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2.0 CPD Points